Game Console Generations
Game console generation are defined by the dominant game console in their market. Game console Industry is now so boosted up that after every few weeks there is a significant shift in the marketplace leader to a new hardware model, which signals a console generation. And if you enjoy playing video games at home, you are not alone, and if you are planning to have console you might have a problem choosing between the difference game consoles. Each year or you can say after few months brings new choices and new games.
For a little processing word size was the best indicator of a generation shift, with clear divides between the 8-bit, 16-bit, and 32-bit eras, but that has become increasingly less relevant as time has gone on and we’ve more or less hit the point of diminishing returns at 64-bit machines. First let me tell you about the history of game consoles generations:
Game systems in the first generation of video game consoles were introduced in 1972 through 1977. Space war and Computer Space, along with Odyssey and Pong, were part of this first generation. The Odyssey and Pong consoles came loaded with several games, but that was it. You couldn’t add any more games to your system a month or two later. Even so, the technology was hugely successful, and home entertainment was about to change forever.
Game designers wanted to solve the problem of consoles that were limited to playing just a few games as Odyssey were having only 12 games including Table Tennis, Cat and Mouse, Ski, Wipeout, Interplanetary Voyage, and more. Play was in black and white, and there was no sound. Second generation consoles, produced from 1976 to 1984, with as much solution as they can.
Second generation consoles used games that were burned onto memory chips, tiny silicon chips that held the information necessary for game play. The chips were placed inside cartridges, hard plastic cases that could be inserted into a game console. When the cartridges were inserted into the console, microprocessors, known as the brains of the unit, would read the information and begin the game.
By 1977, many companies had joined the video game industry, including Magnavox, Atari, and Nintendo. Nintendo released its first home video game in Japan in 1977 and its first arcade game, Othello, in 1978.And the games that were produced were Asteroids, Donkey Kong, Pac-Man, and Mario Brothers, some are still that and probably you favorite.
In 1977, the Mattel toy company introduced a set of handheld games that included football, basketball, and baseball. The first handheld game to use interchangeable game cartridges was the Microvision, released in 1979. It had a small screen and a limited selection of games. Its keypad and screen were easily damaged, and it was discontinued in 1981.
In the third generation of games, from 1983 to 1992, the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) was introduced and became a hit in the United States. Super Mario, packaged with the system, became a star for Nintendo. In Brazil and Europe, Sega was the popular console.
In 1989, Atari produced the Lynx, the first color handheld game, and the first with a backlit screen. Nintendo’s Game Boy was produced the same year.
The fourth generation of games, lasting from 1987 to 1996, is called the 16-bit era. A bit is a basic unit of information storage and communication. The more bits a console has, the more information it can hold.
Success was assured in 1980 after Atari released a home version of the Japanese video game Space Invaders. Sales doubled as millions purchased the console to play the popular arcade game at home. The original console was renamed Atari 2600 following the release of the more advanced Atari 5200, and a variety of other titles were developed for it. It was the biggest hit of all time, and my childhood dream, were I use to request my parents daily to get me an Atari.
With sales of more than 30 million over a span of three decades, the Atari 2600 became one of the most popular gaming systems in history. Although production of the console halted in the early 1990s, the system still enjoys popularity among classic game aficionados, who continue to develop new games for it.
Then come the Fourth generation handheld games include Sega Game Gear, 1990, and Game Boy Color, 1998.I hope you will be familiar with Sonic the Hedgehog. Sonic is the hero of a series of video games produced by Sega specially its speed and graphics it was a whole new series for that time people. He also appears in comics, cartoons, and books. In 2005, Sonic the Hedgehog was inducted into the Walk of Game, a spot where video game achievements are honored.
In the sixth generation, from 1998 to 2006, gaming consoles began using Digital Video Disks (DVDs) for game media. DVDs, with their multiple layers and deeper digital pits, store more data than CDs. Games written on DVD could be longer and the graphics more detailed.
New consoles, including the Sega Dreamcast, Sony PlayStation 2, and Nintendo Game Cube, were released. The Microsoft Corporation entered the industry with its first video game console, the Xbox. The Xbox came with a new feature, a built-in hard drive that could be used to save games. In 2002, Microsoft released its online gaming service, Xbox Live. Subscribers could now team up with or battle against others from anywhere in the world. Xbox Live also allowed users to download new content for their games.
I still remember when I saw the demo of PlayStation I really wanted that so I went to sell my old console for cash, sell my Nintendo 3ds, sell my PSP , and sell my tablet and then I was having my PlayStation 2 which was a dream for me.
Game publishers began releasing games that could be played in many different ways. Instead of designing a game that could only be played on one type of console or on a personal computer, a publisher would design it so that it could be played on all the major consoles, and even on some handheld units.
Then we can say from the very beginning till today the Gaming Industry has changes dramatically and no wonder what’s coming in the future, but we I can assure I thing that its always going to be better than before.